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Gingiva, commonly referred to as gums, is the pink flesh that lie over the jaw and surround our teeth hugging them firmly in place.Without consistent proper care, the gums can become diseased and if left untreated can result in tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the result of a chronic bacterial infection that adversely affects the gums and bone that support the teeth. When oral hygiene is not consistently observed, bacteria in the plaque (the sticky film that adheres to teeth) causes the gums to become red and inflamed.
Types of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the first sign of gum disease and is the mildest form. Bacteria and toxins that are produced in deposits of plague irritate the gums causing them to become infected, swollen and tender.
2. Treatment of Gingivitis
A thorough cleaning by a dental professional to remove plaque and reduce inflammation is the first step in the treatment of gingivitis. This is followed up be adhering to a consistent daily regimen of flossing and brushing the teeth. Use of an antibacterial mouth rinse after brushing is also recommended.
When gingivitis goes untreated, it advances into more virulent forms of gum disease known as periodontitis. Over time plaque can spread under the gum line where toxin-producing bacteria irritate the gums. Sustained inflammation causes the development of pockets of plaque. These inflamed pockets tend to multiply and deepen eventually destroying gum tissue and bone.